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Countertop Education

Learn what to look for, and what to avoid.

Granite Mountain-Range

The Full Story

Oklahoma Granite and Stone has a wealth of knowledge about counter-top production. Scroll down to view key points and industry terminology.

Learn more about Granite slabs, other Stones, and great sinks.

Suppliers sell us 15+, 3cm, 1.2" granites, the "thicker" ones, at $9.95 SF or less. We sell at WHOLESALE. 

Popular stones seen on TV home-shows, in house-design magazines, or viewed online.

Well-know slabs from quarries around the world

Stones that bring kitchens and baths to life. The multi-hued "Designer" slabs start at $15.95, WHOLESALE.

Granite's a bargain.

Cost-pricing lets stone compete with laminate!

Quartz, quartzite, and marble cost more than granite. Nice stones, but with some limits. We'll help you compare.

Whatever stone you choose, it's always WHOLESALE.

CLICK JUST BELOW TO SEE MORE NICE STONES, MANY UNDER $10 SF, WHOLESALE.

VMC Stone (Note that the left-side pricing button only shows on laptops & PC's). 

70% OF OUR CLIENTS PICK STONE UNDER $20 SF AT  WHOLESALE.

Some people like the look of man-made quartz. 2-3x the cost of Level-1 granite. SMALLER SLABS.

 

Quartzite is a real-stone version of quartz. Bold striations and design colors. Very costly.  Damages Easily.

Granite at our wholesale is very affordable. The slabs are like snowflakes; no two exactly alike!

NO MATTER WHAT STONE YOU LIKE, WE'LL FABRICATE AND INSTALL AT JUST $28 SF.

No up-charge for complex patterns, round corners, busy stones, high-iron, or extra seams. $28 SF, PERIOD.

 

CHOICE OF 4 FREE EDGES, TOO.

See something you like? Our Designer will help you pick the perfect stone at cost.*

 

* Stone yards sell to the trade only. NO customer pricing, to protect other shops who buy from them, then do markup. We sell at cost. You'll always hear wholesale prices from us.

Yards open Mon-Fri 8-5, Saturday 9/9:30-12/1:00, one until 2pm. Call/text for an appointment. 918-747-7893

 

When you choose slabs with us, you get an invoice-copy at the yard to show our cost. 

OUR PRICE IS YOUR PRICE.

We fabricate GRANITE, QUARTZ, MARBLE, QUARTZITE, AND ALL STONE MATERIALS.

Stone Countertop Trade Terminology

Alphabetized Homeowner-Knowledge:

1.2 CM - 1/2" synthetic marble used to line showers or cover walls, where strength and thickness is not as important.​

2 CM
- Two centimeter thickness = .8", or "three-quarter inch". Good for vanities. Only very slightly  cheaper than 3 CM.

3 CM - Three centimeter slab thickness = 1.2", often said "inch and a quarter". First choice in kitchen countertops.

Bonding - Installation of under-mounted sinks or double-height countertop edges, using special high-strength epoxy mixes.

Corbels - L-shaped or flat iron brackets on 8"+ overhangs, to avoid stress cracks.

Dimension Stone - Stone quarried into blocks for end-use, like stone-counter slabs.

Drop-In - Sink mounted on a counter from the top. Flange covers edges of a rough-cut hole.

Edging - Counter edges are shaped with various profiles of diamond grinding-bits.

Engineered - Synthetically created countertops, different from those in nature.

Fab - Labor to transport slabs, template patterns, cut counters to size, grind edge-profiles, cut and drill holes, polish and seal.

Granite - Hard, natural, igneous rock, made of quartz, mica, feldspar. Quarried from mountains around the world.

Granite Backsplashes - 4" rear-counter risers, normally done on vanities, but rarely in kitchens anymore (Think tile!).

Honed/Brushed/Leathered - Most slabs are polished. Honed = matte, brushed = bumpy, leathered = even bumpier!

Laminate - Thin plastic veneer on fiberboard. The most common name is Formica.

Lead-Time - Day from the time Clients choose their material to installation of a job.

LF - Linear foot/feet. Also called RF or running feet. Straight-line distance, as opposed to SF.

Marble
- Natural limestone crystalized as calcite or dolomite. A much softer stone.​

Mohs Scale - 1-10 mineral-hardness scale. Friedrich Mohs, 1822. Diamonds are 10, granite/quartzite 8 or 9, quartz 6-8, marble 4-6.

Polishing - Wet-sanding with grades of abrasives creates a smooth, shiny countertop surface.

Quarry
- Deep earth-excavation brings raw-stone to the surface.

Quartz - Material man-made from silicon-dioxide poly-resins under pressure. Much higher cost than most natural stones!​
 
Quartzite - Metamorphic sandstone baked by tectonic heat-pressure in the earth’s crust. Priciest  stone material.

Remnants (fall-off) - Pieces remaining after stone fabrication. Remnants measuring less than 2x2 feet are usually discarded.

Rodding - Insertion of tubular rods (stainless, fiberglass), sometimes needed to strengthen certain countertop areas.

Sandstone - Natural stone equal in hardness to granite. Very porous. Hard to find, and needs specialized sealants.​

Seal - Application of a chemical countertop-sealant to further increase the spill resistance.

SF
(Square Feet) - Width x depth (wall to front edge), in inches, divided by 144 = SF. 

Sink-Setters - Brace-brackets for adding more strength to an under-mount kitchen sink.

Slabs
- Flat pieces of natural or synthetic stone, typically quarried or molded to about 100-140" wide, and from 60-82" high.

Soapstone - Natural stone. High talc content. Fractures easily. Frequent oiling needed to maintain the original look.


Solid Surface - Resin-based (plastic!) counters can look like stone. Common names Corian, Wilsonart, Swanstone.

Template - Detail-drawing of cabinets, sometimes with paper sheets or foam strips, to create a final counter-cutting layout.

Under-mount - Sink installed beneath a counter, bonded (and braced!) in place. Finished-stone edges overlap 1/4" into the bowl.


Vessels - Vanity sinks sit entirely on the counter's surface. The countertop is not hole-cut, just drilled for faucet and drain holes.

Shop Lingo:

A-Frame - A-shaped frame on a trailer. Transports stone counters.

 

Bridge Saw - A huge, diamond-blade overhead saw, used to cut slabs into counters.​

 

CNC - Computer Numerical Control. The automated-cut version of a bridge saw.

 

Cuts - Slices with diamond blades & bits to create counters or "mount" sinks etc.

 

Dolly - U-shaped cart with pads/clamps. Moves countertops from a trailer into a building.​

 

Fab Table - A big, often tilting ("tilt-table") steel platform to cut and fabricate stone slabs.

 

Rail Saw - A much smaller type of granite saw used for cutting slabs to countertop size.

 

Shims - Composite or cedar wedges, used to level the top edges of cabinets, allowing for flatter countertop-installation.

 

Tooling - Specialized diamond-cutters, grinders, polishers, etc. to fabricate raw-stone slabs into finished countertops.

We hope this helps you to understand the stone-counter trade. We try to educate; so you can choose the perfect material, color, pattern, edge, sink, etc. Sometimes it's good to know THE BUZZ WORDS!

Please call or text with questions? We're happy to advise on everything from a small vanity top or table to the largest kitchen.

First-Class work at a Can't-Miss price.

 © Oklahoma Granite & Stone 2014

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